The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands

The Galapagos archipelago hides a secret: the secret of life. Thirteen large islands, six of medium size, and more than two hundred islets and rocks, and the sea surrounding them, is all that you need to host one of the most impressive biological reserves of the planet.

All this means a unique experience. Since most of what you will find in the Galapagos, you will not find it in any other part of the world.

Animal Species of the Galapagos

This archipelago has a special feature: it has never been connected with the continent. All the living creatures found there have arrived by travelling: by air, or on floating islands of vegetation… and once arrived there, most of them no longer returned to their homes, and evolved to different forms in comparison to their mainland relatives.

That evidence was enlightened to Darwin in his evolution theory by natural selection and adaptation to the environment. That evidence is impressive.

  • The giant tortoises of the Galapagos, and several specific species of each island, are venerable unique survivors in the world
  • The land iguanas are fast and antediluvian. Also, there are marine iguanas, which are the only specie of iguana who lives and feeds in the sea
  • Marine mammals such as the impressive sea lion of the Galapagos
  • Endemic birds such as Darwin’s finches (all similar except for the peak of each specie, adapted to its diet), and penguins, sea gulls, cormorants, kestrels… a paradise for birds lovers
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands

Endemic Flora

But the cycle of life, before arriving at the animals, should be started by the plants. And the wealth of Galapagos, in this topic, is in equal terms of the wildlife that shares its ecosystem.

In fact, there are seven distinct vegetation zones:

  • Coastal Zone: with species of shrubs and trees tolerant to salinity, includes the impressive mangrove
  • Arid Zone: A semi desert, as its name indicates, is a zone in which you will find endemic cactus species of Galapagos
  • Transitional Zone, or cloud forest ( ¡lush! )
  • Scalesia Zone, a small uninhabited land where you can find mixed countless plant species
  • Miconia Zone, a land dominated by the shrub that gives it its name
  • Area of La Pampa, considered as the most moist, is a sea of herbs, ferns and rushes

Overall, there are 560 plant species (one-third of which is endemic), a lot of lichens and mosses, and two hundred species introduced subsequently: a theatre that is perfect for life development, in the most incredible way you can imagine.

But you do not have to imagine it.

You only have to come and see it.

The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands
The flora and fauna of the Galapagos Islands

 

 

 

EXPLORE THE GALAPAGOS ISLANDS WITH GOOGLE MAPS