the important consequences that had for human evolution theory
Since I was a child, I have been interested in everything related to the flora and fauna of the world we live. The adventure to Galapagos Islands, which happened to take place firstly in the late 16th century, was confirmed later by Charles Darwin in the 19th century, and there was a consequence of it: the theory of the Evolution of Species.
With his travel to Galapagos Islands, Darwin’s main target was to investigate the geology of the islands, besides making a natural history collection. However, he was able to observe the flora and the fauna of the place, and he came to the conclusion that the species he saw were able to adapt and modify their physical aspect to the changing world. Therefore, the strongest one is able to survive into a determined context. Moreover, he stated that present human beings were also the product of evolution – they modified themselves in order to achieve a new form. And this implied a common descent; in this case, simian species.
Although some detractors, the theory attracted the attention of many areas, including the Church, especially the Church of England which gave a mixed response to the theory. Darwin’s book was translated into a lot of languages and became a truly scientific text that has survived until today. His theory became very popular among pop culture, so he was the target of some cartoonists.
Darwin’s thought has had an enormous impact on different science fields. Scientists convinced themselves that the theory of evolution from a common descent and modifications to become adapted to the context was correct. During the 1930s and 1950s, the theory was applied to the field of genetics and it was proved that natural selection was the basis of evolution. All the later studies in biology and evolution have been based on Darwin’s theory which has survived until now.
Even some species have been named after Darwin; for instance, the group of tanagers found in the Galapagos Islands and which are now called “Darwin’s finches”. Every year, the world celebrates the Darwin Day – in 2009 it was commemorated the bicentenary of Darwin’s birth and the 150th anniversary of the publication of the Origin of Species.
This was not his only important work because, as a biologist, he wrote other works which were always related, somehow, to that trip around South America aboard the Beagle. If you have always been interested in Darwin works and his theories, a travel to Galapagos Islands should be your main choice. Probably, you read already all his books but there is something that you miss in your way: the possibility to visit the place in which the evolution of human species was firstly thought by a great mind.