The archipelago consists of 13 large islands, 17 small islands and 40 rocks. It covers an area of 3,100 square miles and is located 600 miles from the continent. Fray Thomas de Berlanga was the first one to discover the islands in 1535.In the mid-18th century, British scientist Charles Darwin visited the islands. After extensive research, he conceived his theory of "The Evolution of Species". Today, the islands are being protected by the Galápagos National Park which 42 sites have been classified for your visit.
If you ever plan to visit a living laboratory, or are interested in evolution, natural history and conservation, visit Ecuador and have the pleasure of being in the Enchanted Islands
Flora and Fauna
The Galápagos archipelago hides a secret: the secret of life. Thirteen large islands, six of medium size, and more than two hundred islets and rocks, and the sea surrounding them, is all that you need to host one of the most impressive biological reserves of the planet.
All this means a unique experience. Since most of what you will find in the Galápagos, you will not find it in any other part of the world.
Animal Species of the Galápagos
This archipelago has a special feature: it has never been connected with the continent. All the living creatures found there have arrived by travelling: by air, or on floating islands of vegetation… and once arrived there, most of them no longer returned to their homes, and evolved to different forms in comparison to their mainland relatives.
That evidence was enlightened to Darwin in his evolution theory by natural selection and adaptation to the environment. That evidence is impressive.
The giant tortoises of the Galápagos, and several specific species of each island, are venerable unique survivors in the world
The land iguanas are fast and antediluvian. Also, there are marine iguanas, which are the only specie of iguana who lives and feeds in the sea Marine mammals such as the impressive sea lion of the Galápagos
Endemic birds such as Darwin’s finches (all similar except for the peak of each specie, adapted to its diet), and penguins, sea gulls, cormorants, kestrels… a paradise for birds lovers
The flora and fauna of the Galápagos Islands
But the cycle of life, before arriving at the animals, should be started by the plants. And the wealth of Galapagos, in this topic, is in equal terms of the wildlife that shares its ecosystem.
In fact, there are seven distinct vegetation zones:
Coastal Zone: with species of shrubs and trees tolerant to salinity, includes the impressive mangrove
Arid Zone: A semi desert, as its name indicates, is a zone in which you will find endemic cactus species of Galápagos
Transitional Zone, or cloud forest ( ¡lush! )
Scalesia Zone, a small uninhabited land where you can find mixed countless plant species
Miconia Zone, a land dominated by the shrub that gives it its name
Area of La Pampa, considered as the most moist, is a sea of herbs, ferns and rushes
Overall, there are 560 plant species (one-third of which is endemic), a lot of lichens and mosses, and two hundred species introduced subsequently: a theatre that is perfect for life development, in the most incredible way you can imagine.
But you do not have to imagine it.
You only have to come and see it.
Visa is not require
Requirements for travel to the Galápagos Islands
You must have your round-trip tickets.And present them at the airports of Quito and Guayaquil. To do this, you must remember that the maximum period of stay for foreigners is 90 days.
|Languages spoken||Spanish, English|
|Area (km2)||The Galápagos Islands constitute an archipelago of the Pacific Ocean located 972 km off the coast of Ecuador. It consists of 13 large islands with an area greater than 10 km2, 6 medium islands with an area of 1 km2 to 10 km2 and another 215 small islets.|
|Country name||Republic of Ecuador|